Thesla Palanee-Phillips, University of the Witwatersrand
The results of the two studies showing that a vaginal ring can help reduce the risk HIV infection among women is being hailed as an important HIV prevention breakthrough.
Launched four years ago, the two clinical trials, known as ASPIRE and The Ring Study, set out to determine how safe and effective the ring was in prevention of HIV infection in women. The ring, which is used for a month at a time, contains an antiretroviral drug called dapivirine that acts by blocking HIV from multiplying.
The studies enrolled close to 4500 women aged 18 to 45 in South Africa, Uganda, Malawi and Zimbabwe. Each study found that the ring helps reduce the risk of HIV infection in women. In ASPIRE, the ring reduced the risk of HIV infection by 27% overall. In The Ring Study, infections were reduced by 31% overall.
Continue reading “Why a new vaginal ring could be a game-changer in HIV prevention”
By Sydney Rosen, Boston University
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) continues to take a tremendous toll on human health, with 37 million people infected and 1.2 million deaths worldwide in 2014. In sub-Saharan Africa, where the HIV epidemic has been most devastating, more than 25 million people are HIV-infected, about 70 percent of the global total.
But as of 2014, only about 11 million people infected with the virus in Africa were receiving treatment with antiretroviral therapy (ART) medications, which can stop the progression of disease and reduce the risk of HIV transmission.
That leaves 14 million people with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa untreated. This is partly because, until recently, most countries have provided ART only for patients who reached a specific threshold in HIV disease progression. And starting ART can be a lengthy and complicated process, leading many patients to drop out of care before they even begin treatment.
Continue reading “HIV ‘Test and Treat’ Strategy Can Save Lives”
Over the past decade there has been growing research that purports the long-held belief that Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision (VMMC) can drastically decrease the rates of HIV, sexually transmitted diseases, and urinary tract infections in low-and middle-income countries. In Tanzania, for example, where these photos were taken at an IntraHealth International mobile clinic, HIV can be reduced by sixty percent leading to a AIDS-free generation. … Continue reading Photo Essay: Standing in Line for Voluntary Male Circumcision
One of the beautiful aspects of Africa is its beautiful, wide expanses. All over the continent you will be awed by how far-reaching your eyes can see especially when traveling through its spectacular countryside. But as much as it is beautiful, the size of Africa also poses a significant problem because without modern infrastructure, including the Internet, and transport to major cities, those who live in the deepest, far-reaching rural areas are not privy to the best medical care they can receive.
In Botswana, this is about to change.
In partnership with the University of Pennsylvania, Microsoft, the University of Botswana, and other global partners, the Botswana-University Hub (BUP) has launched a new project, “Project Kgolagano,” to bring telemedicine to rural areas in the country to help diagnose maternal health cases as well as HIV, cervical cancer, and TB cases.
Using TV white spaces (unused broadcasting frequencies in the wireless spectrum) Internet broadband is able to reach even the most remote villages in developing countries. In fact, it has been reported that Microsoft and Google are both chasing white spaces in Africa where only 16 percent of the continent’s population is online. This is where solar power can be game-changing to keep Africa online despite its energy shortcomings. Just look at Kenya where Microsoft helped provide broadband Internet in rural areas even when electricity was nonexistent or very scarce.
Continue reading “Botswana Receives First White Space Telemedicine Service to Reach Rural Populations”
Through July 25, the 2014 International AIDS Conference (IAC) conference is taking place in Melbourne, Australia. With over 14,000 delegates, including experts, religious leaders, scientists, writers, and staunch HIV/AIDS advocates in attendance, the #AIDS2014 conference in the yearly gathering of the minds who stand on the global forefront of the HIV/AIDS conversation. In light of last week’s tragic crash of Malaysian Airlines Flight 17, several have … Continue reading 20 Key Tweets from the #AIDS2014 Conference
Meet Momina Momina is a 22 year old single mother of two who lives in the city of Adama in central Ethiopia and was diagnosed as living with HIV three years ago. Although she wears a smile, sadness is etched across her face when she talks about her younger son, Yerosa. Born HIV positive, he is now three but Momina knows very little of his … Continue reading Momina’s Story: International HIV/AIDS Alliance #WAD2013
Can you imagine newly arriving to the United States from Dar es Salaam, Tanzania as a happy, expecting 22-year-old newlywed to attend college and then finding out through a routine prenatal visit that you are HIV positive? This is precisely what happened to Fortunata Kasege in 1997. What turned out to be a dream of coming to America to study journalism quickly turned into a … Continue reading Living, Thriving with HIV/AIDS: A Mother’s Story
An integrated approach to healthcare no matter the setting is a more effective and rights-based approach to healthier outcomes. When family planning services are available at HIV/AIDS clinics, Population Action International (PAI) believes patients will receive better care, health workers will be more efficient, and dollars will be saved. In sub-Saharan Africa integrated clinic settings are critical to healthier outcomes. In addition to this infographic, … Continue reading Infographic of the Week: An Integrated Approach to HIV/AIDS and Family Planning Services
After spending nearly a week and a half in Zambia during the second half of July with nine other new media journalists we concluded our final day with an official visit to the United States Embassy in Lusaka. We met with representatives from USAID, PEPFAR, the Peace Corps, and the CDC. We also met with the US Ambassador to the Republic of Zambia, Mark. C. … Continue reading Meeting Key US Players in Zambia’s National Health #ZambiaHealth
From mid July through the end of the month I traveled throughout Zambia covering stories about HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria with the International Reporting Project as an IRP Zambia Fellow. I joined nine other new media journalists who put a new spin on traditional reporting of these infectious diseases. You can read my published pieces so far below and see some of my photos from … Continue reading [Photo Gallery] Visual Storytelling in Zambia
We are really thrilled to announce our newest partner: PSI! PSI is a global health organization dedicated to improving the health of people in the developing world by focusing on serious challenges like a lack of family planning, HIV and AIDS, barriers to maternal health, and the greatest threats to children under five, including malaria, diarrhea, pneumonia and malnutrition. In fact, while I was in Zambia … Continue reading Announcing New Partner: PSI
As I mentioned a few weeks ago I will be reporting from Zambia as an International Reporting Project Zambia Fellow starting on July 15. I will be in Africa with nine stellar new media journalists. We all have our own beats and will report on different angles about HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria. I personally will report on how these infectious diseases acutely affect mothers and … Continue reading Reporting from Zambia with the International Reporting Project
Our Kind of People: A Continent’s Challenge, A Country’s Hope by Uzodinma Iweala My rating: 4 of 5 stars When it comes to HIV/AIDS on the African continent we, as Westerners, are often blinded by the ubiquitous stereotypes that permeate our perspectives and opinions about Africa. We then can only rely on the authentic and experienced voices of authors, reporters, and first-person stories from those … Continue reading Book Review: Our Kind of People
In order to prevent babies from being born with HIV massive outreach must take place in order to encourage HIV-positive women to take the necessary drugs to ensure their babies are born HIV-negative. Today no child should be born with HIV. That is why we are excited to partner with mothers2mothers! From mothers2mothers: mothers2mothers was founded in 2001 to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV and sustain the … Continue reading New Partner Update: mothers2mothers
Every single day, 1,000 mothers — some unaware they carry HIV — transfer the virus to their babies during pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding. Without treatment, 50 percent of HIV-positive infants will die before their second birthdays. As global leaders, researchers and activists descend upon Washington, DC for the International AIDS Conference, we must ask: What are the challenges HIV-positive mothers face in having HIV-negative children … Continue reading Join the EGPAF Google+ Hangout Tomorrow